How to save electricity in a private home: tips and small tricks

How to save electricity in a private home? In his own home, the owner needs to spend additional funds on external lighting and heating. Therefore, so that there is no big difference between municipal and "private" budgets, it is necessary to start optimizing energy consumption. You can save money with a few tricks, a simple reduction in consumption, as well as changing the meters.

The main ways to save

ways to save electricity in a private home

There are legal and illegal ways to save money. Illegal options should not be resorted to because of immorality. These "savings" are considered fraudulent. In this regard, at the time of verification, the owner may be sentenced. However, in the private sectors, meter checks are performed very rarely.

How to save electricity in a private home - tricks:

  • use grounding;
  • rationalize energy consumption by replacing old equipment with new;
  • uses energy saving lamps;
  • to teach family members to constantly turn off lights and electrical appliances;
  • avoid the "standby" state of electrical appliances;
  • using a loophole in old counters, stop the drum;
  • excludes the meter from the power grid;
  • install a multipart meter;
  • use a strong magnet;
  • uses battery;
  • make an intelligent heating system.

All points are detailed below.

Old accountant tricks

If the meter is old, it is easy to disconnect, ground, or use a magnet. But the easiest way is to use fine wire. The algorithm is as follows:

  • a fine hole is made in the counter cover;
  • a thin thread is inserted into the hole;
  • the wire blocks the drum and it stops spinning, that is, it no longer counts electricity.

This method is illegal. Other techniques that can be used on an older instrument are magnetization and grounding.

Using a magnet to save money

Old models have no seal to prevent magnetization. However, this does not eliminate the risk that a verification team will appear in the private sector to verify the level of magnetization of the meter. Factory devices have a neutral magnetic field, and those in which the magnet trick was used - have changed. Therefore, this method should be used with caution.

Use only strong magnets - neodymium to change readings. They compensate easily: small parts in a set of 20. cost about 1000 rubles. Neodymium magnets are sold in a special tight box, which is not by chance: the magnetic elements are easily attracted to the iron from a distance of 30 cm or less. To disconnect the magnetic tape from the iron, it is necessary to have fabric or foam between these elements.

How to save electricity in a home using a magnet? The magnet should be wrapped with a cloth and then attached to the meter. To prevent the glass elements from breaking and appearing dented in the box (the magnet is attracted very quickly), you need to place your hand between the counter and the neodymium when lifting it and then slowly remove it.

Ground for meter deviation

How to save electricity in a private home using grounding? The zero contact is closed in the electrical circuit of the energy meter and transmits information about the energy used. If the zero contact is grounded, the count will stop. In apartment buildings, grounding is complicated: the wire can only be diverted to the water supply of residents located below the riser. This causes an electric shock. In homes, just take the wire to the ground.

Energy efficiency and replacement of electrical devices

The main factor for saving electricity is the optimization of its use. The owner of a private home must learn to:

  • turns off the light in the rooms from which it leaves, even for a short time;
  • disconnect electrical appliances from the network that do not work permanently;
  • choose the right technique.

The technical equipment of the house - both the wiring and the appliances themselves - must be modern. Modern appliances consume half the energy. To save electricity, it will be rational to buy energy-saving lamps. They cost more than incandescent lamps, but they are also brighter. They pay off quickly, because they consume several times less energy.

Light requires special attention. When working at a table, turn off the ceiling light and leave the lamp on. At dusk, just use not the maximum mode of the chandelier, but 1 to 2 lamps. To save money, dimmers are suitable - circular switches that allow you to adjust the lighting level.

Many electrical devices are constantly in the "standby" state. They are plugged into an outlet and consume a small percentage of energy, but have no function. TVs, microwaves, chargers, computers, if not in use, must be turned off.

Multiparty Meters

Updated counters operate at different rates. Depending on the region, there are two or three modes - day and night or day, afternoon and night. Depending on the mode, kilowatts of energy cost differently. As CHP plants generate 30% less energy at night, the rate per kilowatt is reduced at night. Therefore, washing machines, heating devices and air conditioners must be turned on at night. This is especially true for homes with an electric boiler, if there is no gas for heating.

Alternative method - save on battery

How to save electricity in a home using a battery? A simple method involves replacing most luminaires with battery-powered LEDs. At night or at night, a battery-powered portable lamp is enough to walk out onto the street, walk through the house gate and go to the bathroom. This is an inexpensive variation of motion sensors - the lights only come on when you move around the house and there are no additional costs to install the sensors.