A large part of the funds is spent on the payment of public services. Significant savings at utilities will allow electricity costs to be reduced. Electricity is needed in a private home to operate most used appliances, however, you can reduce your consumption in several ways.
What is electricity consumption for?
To understand how you can save electricity, you need to find out what the sum of electricity costs is:
- lighting devices
- Home appliances
- pumping unit
- hot water supply
- sewer installation
The devices listed represent almost the entire volume of power consumption. The good news is that by making some changes to how each device works, you can significantly reduce costs without changing your lifestyle.
The main saving factor in the pumping and sewage facilities is the elimination of the work of these stations in vain. It is necessary to choose those pumps that will not carry water if it is not needed and thus affect the cost level in a positive direction.
Which electrical appliances affect electricity consumption in a private home?
Significant electricity consumption is made at the expense of household appliances. Each home has a standard set of appliances that residents need:
- lighting devices
- Washing machine
- radio system
- Electric kettle
- a vacuum cleaner
- kitchen utensils
- video systems, etc.
The main thing you can do to save electricity is to choose your appliances carefully. That is, pay attention to its characteristics, mainly the power or the level of consumption of electric energy per hour.
You can save energy by developing new habits
To minimize energy costs, you need not only buy low energy devices, but develop several habits:
- predominant use of natural light - get used to the fact that the lightest places in your house are close to the window, and do not turn on the light when the first cloud appears
- refusal to use "standby mode" - while electrical appliances are in this mode, they still absorb small amounts of electricity
- if you leave the room, you must turn off the lights, TV or other electrical devices
To brighten the room at dusk, you should use light colors when decorating the interior. In addition, the white color will be able to diffuse more light from a lamp. You can also get mirrored surfaces. For example, if you place a mirror in front of a window or other source of natural light, you will notice that the room has become much clearer.
The above points are mainly about lighting savings. In fact, with the right approach to using light fixtures, you can save up to seventy percent on electricity. For this, it is necessary to correctly install the lighting devices so as not to need unnecessary elements, and do not forget to turn off the lamp when leaving the room.
How can you save on electric heating in a private home?
The main source of spending on electricity in a private home is heating. This is due to the fact that a private house has a very large area compared to an apartment in the city, and to provide heat to the entire house, a general and complex system must be installed. However, there are methods by which you can reduce the cost of heating your home:
- roof insulation- it is the roof that serves as an element that "does not release" the heat of the house
- installing hot windows- drafts appear due to poorly installed or outdated windows
- wall insulation- you can insulate the walls of your home inside or out
- heating system installation
- Installation of air-conditioning
- selectionthe most suitableheating boiler
The roof is often the most unfinished part of the building. More than half of the heat generated within a building can be released in a few hours. Mineral slabs installed inside the roof will prevent this effect. If your house has an attic, you can insulate the attic floor, but in this case deprive yourself of the opportunity to use it as a cozy attic.
It is also necessary to ensure that your home is as tight as possible. This is done by installing double glazed windows. You can use double glazed windows of any material. Currently, there are technologies that allow even old wooden windows to be "rewarded" with thermal insulation characteristics. To prevent winter from entering your home in any way, it is necessary to use windows with a five-chamber and higher profile. They definitely do not freeze in the cold and stay indoors for a long period of time.
It should be borne in mind that by insulating the walls from the inside, the internal area of the building is reduced, and processing the house from the outside is a more complicated process from a technical point of view. It should be noted that the most advantageous option for wall insulation is external treatment. This is due to the fact that with the external heating of the walls, you will be able to protect them from external factors, for example, temperature fluctuations or precipitation.
The first thing to do to save electricity is to install thermostatic valves on each of the radiators. After that, the heat consumption will immediately decrease by 20%. In addition, balancing valves can be installed to efficiently distribute heat throughout the home. This approach will provide all environments with an optimal level of heat, without generating unnecessary costs. With the correct installation of the system, you will be able to regulate the heat supply and, as a result, the use of electricity in each station.
We save on air conditioning in other ways
Air conditioning can be assigned to the heating system and appliances. It is used in the hot and cold seasons. The first thing to do is to choose the right air conditioner. When choosing it, you should pay special attention to the electricity consumption table, so that you can predict the level of your expenses in advance.
When selecting a heating boiler, special attention should be paid to two characteristics: heat production and fuel type. Boilers can run on gas, diesel or electricity. If your boiler is powered by an outlet, you need to understand that a cubic meter of home requires 30 watts of electricity. It is not profitable to buy a boiler whose power exceeds that required.
Currently, there is a system called "smart home". With his help, homeowners will be able to reduce their electricity bill. This system has several modes. Thanks to it, the light in the empty rooms will always be turned off and, in the absence of the owners, the waste of electricity will be automatically minimized.